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Bed bug

Life Cycle
Incomplete Metamorphosis

Number of eggs laid by female
200-500 over a 2-month period in batches of 10 to 50.

Size of Adult
4 to 5 mm long

Body Shape
Oval and flattened from back to underside, well developed legs but wings absent.

Mouthparts
Adapted to piercing and sucking.

Color of adult
Red to brown

Food
Nymph & Adult: human blood. In their absence will feed on mice, rats, bats, poultry and canaries.

Habitat
Cracks and crevices, headboards behind loose wallpaper, broken plaster, light switches, under carpets and skirtings, around mattress buttons and beading, crevice of a wooden bed frame, door & window frames, etc.

Activity
Nocturnal

Biology
From egg to adult 21 days at 30C to 120 days at 18C.

Fleas

Life Cycle

Complete Metamorphosis

Number of eggs laid by female
Several hundred in groups of 4 to 8

Size of Adult
2 to 3 mm long

Body Shape
Very flattened from side to side with well-developed spines and jumping legs.

Mouthparts
Adapted to piercing and sucking.

Color of adult
Red to brown

Food
Larva: organic matter and partially digested blood excreted by the adult.
Adult: Prefer to feed on the blood of the species to which they are adapted.

Habitat
Vacated premises which have previously contained domestic pets, birds’ nests, animal bedding, hotels, houses, hospitals, underground garages, etc.

Activity
Throughout the day and night.

Biology
Larval stage: 1-2 weeks
Pupal stage: 4-14 days
Adults: several days