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Millipedes

Length
2-115 mm

Color
Blackish or brownish

Biology
Eggs are deposited in clusters in the soil and immature stages pass through several molts over about 2 years.

Sting
Do not sting. It gives off an ill smell and repugnant fluid. This fluid can cause vesicular dermatitis (small blisters) in humans.

Habitat
Found in areas of high moisture and decaying vegetation such as under trash, piles of grass, leaf litter.

Food
Primarily scavengers and feed on decaying organic matter, usually plant material and sometimes on plants. 

Movement
In autumn they migrate in great numbers. Do not survive indoors for more than a few days for lack of moisture.

Habit
Nocturnal

Centipedes

Length
4-152 mm

Color
Yellowish brown

Biology
Female produces eggs over a period of days. Live for more than a year.

Sting
The bite causes pain and swelling. Some species inflict a very painful bite.

Habitat
Hide in areas of high moisture such as loose bark, rotting logs, under stones, trash, piles of leaves, flower bed mulch etc. 

Food
Carnivorous. 

Movement
Invade structures and can be found in potted plants, damp basements, bathrooms, damp closets.

Habit
Nocturnal

 

Scorpions

Length
20-100 mm

Color
Yellowish brown to tan

Biology
Gestation period is 8 months. Litter size averages 35.
Parthenogenesis occurs but not commonly.

Sting
Causes temporary local pain, tingling/itching, some localized swelling and some black & blue areas.
Some people may develop an allergic response which can be life threatening.

Habitat
Hide underneath rocks, debris, logs, and attics.

Food
Feed on insects and spiders. They can be cannibalistic.

Movement
When it’s hot they seek shelters in shoes, pants, shirts, jackets, etc.

Habit
Nocturnal